The ADA is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in all areas of public life. These areas include jobs, schools, transportation, and public and private places open to the general public. The purpose of the law is to make sure that people with disabilities have the same rights and opportunities as everyone else. The ADA gives civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities similar to those based on race, color, sex, national origin, age, and religion.
It is important to remember that in the context of the ADA, “Disability” is a legal term rather than a medical one. Because it has a legal definition, the ADA’s definition of disability differs from how we define disability under other laws, such as Social Security Disability-related benefits.